Q Masthead

Current Issue Content

Quarterly CoverSummer 2021 • VOL. XXVIIINo. 3

Physical Abuse

Validation of a clinical decision rule to predict abuse in young children based on bruising. Pierce MC, Kaczor K, Lorenz DJ, et al. JAMA Network Open. 2021; 4: e215832. http://doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.5832

Evaluation of an emergency department high-risk bruising screening protocol. Crumm CE, Brown ECB, Thomas Smith S, et al. Pediatrics. 2021; 147: e2020002444. http://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2020-002444

Can TEN4 distinguish bruises from abuse, inherited bleeding disorders or accidents?. Kemp AM, Maguire SA, Nuttall DE, et al. Arch Dis Child. 2021; Online ahead of print: http://doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2020-320491

Palm bruising in infants: a recognizable pattern of abuse. Ruiz-Maldonado TM, Johnson KL, Sabo JL, Sheets LK, Laskey A. J Emerg Med. 2021; Online ahead of print: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jemermed.2021.02.018

Pediatric skull fractures contacting sutures: relevance in abusive head trauma. Kriss S, Morris J, Martich V. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2021; Online ahead of print: http://doi.org/10.2214/AJR.20.23081

Rib fracture in infancy, case-series and register case-control study from Sweden. Hogberg U, Thiblin I. J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab. 2021; 34: 363-372. http://doi.org/10.1515/jpem-2020-0137

Spinal cord injury as an indicator of abuse in forensic assessment of abusive head traumma (AHT). Colombari M, Troakes C, Turrina S, et al. Int J Legal Med. 2021; Online ahead of print: http://doi.org/10.1007/s00414-021-02526-x

Timely recognition of retinal hemorrhage in pediatric abusive head trauma evaluation. Burge LR, Van orne BS, Bachim A, Bhatt AR, Donaruma M. J AAPOS. 2021; Online ahead of print: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaapos.2020.11.014


Influence of agents and mechanisms of injury on anatomical burn locations in children <5 years old with a scald. Javaid AA, Johnson E, Hollen L, Kemp AM. Arch Dis Child. 2021; Online ahead of print: http://doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2020-320710

Injuries from alleged accidental minor head trauma in a prospective cohort of children aged 0-3 years in an emergency department. Donnezan D, Delteil C, Moreau E, et al. Legal Med. 2021; 49: 101846. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.legalmed.2021.101846

Child Fatalities

Child maltreatment fatalities among children and adolescents 5-17 years old. Michaels NL, Letson MM. Child Abuse Negl. 2021; Online ahead of print: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2021.105032

Increased mortality in very young children with traumatic brain injury due to abuse: a nationwide analysis of 10,965 patients. Theodorou CM, Nuno M, Yamashiro KJ, Brown EG. J Pediatr Surg. 2021; 56: 1174-1179. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2021.02.044


Cumulative rates of child protection involvement and terminations of parental rights in a California birth cohort, 1999-2017. Putnam-Hornstein E, Ahn E, Prindle J, et al. Am J Public Health. 2021; 111: 1157-1163. http://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2021.306214

Predicting child maltreatment over the early life course: a prospective study. Najman JM, Scott JG, Williams GM et al. Child Psychiatry Hum Dev. 2021; Online ahead of print: http://doi.org/10.1007/s10578-021-01164-z

Risk factors for maltreatment in siblings of abused children. Kisely S, Strathearn L, Najman JM. Pediatrics. 2021; 147: e2020036004. http://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2020-036004

Foster Children

Infectious disease screening in a dedicated primary care clinic for children in foster care. Lairmore S, Stone KE, Huang R, McLeigh J. Child Abuse Negl. 2021; 117: 105074. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2021.105074

Other items of Interest

Determining the tractional forces on vitreoretinal interface using a computer similuation model in abusive head trauma. Suh DW, Song HH, Mozafari H, Thoreson WB. Am J Ophthalmol. 2021; 223: 396-404. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajo.2020.06.020

Implications of increased weight status for the occurrence of fall-induced intracranial hemorrhage in children aged 4 years or younger. Kim JH, Kwon JH, Lee JS, et al. Pediatr Emer Care. 2020; 36: e428-e432. http://doi.org/10.1097/PEC.0000000000001279

Incidence of injury, maltreatment, and developmental disorders among substance exposed infants. Austin AE, Berkoff MC, Shanahan ME. Child Maltreat. 2020; Online ahead of print: http://doi.org/10.1177/1077559520930818

Prenatal substance exposure and child maltreatment: a systematic review. Austin AE, Gest C, Atkeson A, et al. Child Maltreat. 2021; Online ahead of print: http://doi.org/10.1177/1077559521990116


Long-term impact of abusive head trauma in young children: outcomes at 5 and 11 years old. Jackson JE, Beres AL, Theodorou CM, et al. J Pediatr Surg. 2021; Online ahead of print: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2021.02.019

Prevention and Resilience

Development and validation of a new Multidisciplinary Approach Competency Scale for Prevention of Child Abuse from Pregnancy (MUSCAT). Sakakida C, Tadaka E, Arimoto A. PLoS One. 2021; 16: e0249623. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0249623

Professional and Systems Issues

A cluster randomized trial to reduce missed abusive head trauma in pediatric intensive care settings. Hymel KP, Armijo-Garcia V, Musick M, et al. J Pediatr. 2021; Online ahead of print: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpeds.2021.03.055

A natural language processing and deep learning approach to identify child abuse from pediatric electronic medical records. Annapragada AV, Donaruma-Kwoh MM, Annapragada AV, Starosolski ZA. PLoS One. 2021; 16: e0247404. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0247404

Building skills and resilience in child abuse pediatricians: a novel program to address secondary traumatic stress. Smith J, Cho R, Martin C. Child Abuse Negl. 2021; Online ahead of print: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2021.105082

Evaluation of the efficacy and impact of a clinical prediction tool to identify maltreatment associated with children's burns. Hollen L, Bennett V, Nuttall D, Emond AM, Kemp A. BMJ Paediatr Open. 2021; 5: e000796. http://doi.org/10.1136/bmjpo-2020-000796

Training for mandated reporters of child abuse and neglect: content analysis of state-sponsored curricula. Baker AJL, LeBlanc S, Adebayo T, Mathews B. Child Abuse Negl. 2021; 113: 104932. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2021.104932

Using deep learning and natural language processing models to detect child physical abuse. Shahi N, Shahi AK, Phillips R, et al. J Pediatr Surg. 2021; Online ahead of print: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2021.03.007

Public Policy

State policies that treat prenatal substance use as child abuse or neglect fail to achieve their intended goals. Atkins DN, Durrance CP. Health Aff (Millwood). 2020; 39: 756-763. http://doi.org/10.1377/hlthaff.2019.00785

Related Disease States

Is external hydrocephalus a possible differential diagnosis when child abuse is suspected?. Scheller J, Wester K. Acta Neurochirurgica. 2021; Online ahead of print: http://doi.org/10.1007/s00701-021-04786-3

Retinal hemorrhage and bleeding disorders in children: a review. Thau A, Saffren B, Zakrzewski H, et al. Child Abuse Negl. 2021; 112: 104901. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2020.104901

Osteogenesis imperfecta and child abuse from a forensic point of view. Altalib A, Althomali A, Alshahrani A, Alfrayyan A, Aljughaiman MS. Cureus. 2021; 13: e12790. http://doi.org/10.7759/cureus.12790