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Current Issue Content

Quarterly CoverAutumn 2021 • VOL. XXVIIINo. 4

Related Disease States

Chronic subdural hemorrhage predisposes to development of cerebral venous thrombosis and associated retinal hemorrhages and subdural rebleeds in infants. Vaslow DF. Neuroradiol J. 2021; Online ahead of print: https://doi.org/10.1177/19714009211026904

Subdural hemorrhage in a cohort with cerebral sinovenous thrombosis: application to abusive head trauma. Anderst J, Carpenter S, Frazier T, et al. Child Abuse Negl. 2021; 117: 105119. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2021.105119

Birth-related subdural hemorrhage: prevalence and imaging morphology. Nikam RM, Kandula VV, Yue X, et al. Pediatr Radiol. 2021; 51: 939-946. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00247-021-05060-5

Characteristics, complications, and sites of bleeding among infants and toddlers less than 2 years of age with VWD. Dupervil B, Abe K, O'Brien SH, et al. Blood Adv. 2021; 5: 2079-2086. https://doi.org/10.1182/bloodadvances.2020004141

Vitamin D level and fractures in children and adolescents: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Sheng C, Li H, Rong S, et al. J Bone Miner Metab. 2021; Online ahead of print: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00774-021-01238-x

Vitamin D levels in Irish children with fractures: a prospective case-control study with 5 year follow-up. Moore DM, O'Sullivan M, Kiely P, et al. Surgeon. 2021; Online ahead of print: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.surge.2021.02.015

Child Fatalities

A 5-year retrospective study on infant homicide presenting as cot death: are we missing infant homicides?. Tse R, Ioelu L, Chen M, et al. Am J Forensic Med Pathol. 2021; Online ahead of print: https://doi.org/10.1097/PAF.0000000000000693

The socio-economic status of families experiencing the sudden unexpected death of an infant - is it possibly related to a higher rate of non-natural deaths among them. Radojevic N, Konatar J, Vukcevic B, et al. J Forensic Leg Med. 2021; 80: 102168. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2021.102168


Emergency department admissions for physical child abuse: evidence from the 2006-2017 Nationwide Emergency Department Sample. Carbone JT, Kremer KP, Holzer KJ, Kondis JS, Vaughn MG. J Interpers Violence. 2021; Online ahead of print: https://doi.org/10.1177/08862605211001479

Hospital admissions for abusive head trauma at children's hospitals during COVID-19. Maassel NL, Asnes AG, Leventhal JM, Solomon DG. Pediatrics. 2021; Online ahead of print: https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2021- 050361

Imaging and Laboratory

Artificial intelligence in child abuse imaging. Sorensen JI, Nikam RM, Choudhary AK. Pediatr Radiol. 2021; 51: 1061-1064. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00247-021-05073-0

Pediatric retroclival epidural hematoma in the acute trauma setting: a sign of tectorial membrane stripping injury. Fiester P, Rao D, Andreou S, Soule E, Patel J. AJR. Am J Roentgenol. 2021; 216: 1641-1648. https://doi.org/10.2214/AJR.20.22957

Rapid-sequence MRI for evaluation of pediatric brain attacks. De Jong G, Kannikeswaran N, DeLaroche A, et al. Pediatr Neurol. 2020; 107: 77-83. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pediatrneurol.2019.12.007

The likelihood of an occult fracture in skeletal surveys obtained in children more than 2 years old with concerns of physical abuse. McNamara CR, Panigraphy A, Sheetz M, Berger RP. Pediatr Emer Care. 2021; Online ahead of print: https://doi.org/10.1097/PEC.0000000000002440

Thrombosis is not a marker of bridging vein rupture in infants with alleged abusive head trauma. Zahl SM, Mack JA, Rossant C, Squier W, Wester K. Acta Paediatr. 2021; Online ahead of print: https://doi.org/10.1111/apa.15908

Validating scoring systems for fracture healing in infants and young children: pilot study. Crompton S, Messina F, Klafkowski G, Hall C, Offiah AC. Pediatr Radiol. 2021; Online ahead of print: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00247-021-05038-3


Child abuse and neglect in paediatric burns: the majority is caused by neglect and thus preventable. Loos MLHJ, Meij-deVires A, Nagtegall M, Bakx R, KARIBU-group. Burns. 2021; Online ahead of print: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.burns.2021.05.011

Other Items of Interest

Abusive head trauma through shaking: examination of the perpetrators according to dating of the traumatic event. Laurent-Vannier A, Bernard JY, Chevignard M. Child Abuse Rev. 2021; Online ahead of print: https://doi.org/10.1002/car.2694

Violent infant surrogate shaking: continuous high-magnitude centripetal force and abrupt shift in tangential acceleration may explain high risk of subdural hemorrhage. Stray-Pedersen A, Strisland F, Rognum TO, Shiks LAH, Loeve AJ. Neurotrauma Rep. 2021; 2: 224-231. https://doi.org/10.1089/neur.2021.0013

Physical Abuse

Injuries suggestive of physical abuse in young children with subconjunctival hemorrhages. Wolford JE, Berger RP, Eichman AL, Lindberg DM, ExSTRA Investigators. Pediatr Emer Care. 2021; Online ahead of print: https://doi.org/10.1097/PEC.0000000000002436

Cranial suture evaluation in pediatric head trauma: importance in differentiating abusive from accidental injury. Kriss S, Morris J, Martich V. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2021; Online ahead of print: https://doi.org/10.1097/PEC.0000000000002461


Bilateral parietal skull fractures in infants attributable to accidental falls. Al Sahlawi A, Morantz G, Lacroix C, Saint-Martin C, Dudley RWR. Pediatr Neurosurg. 2021; Online ahead of print: https://doi.org/10.1159/000516972

Prevention and Resilience

Feasibility of using child maltreatment measurement instruments in the primary care setting: a systematic review. Reid M, Snyder C. J Pediatr Nurs. 2021; Online ahead of print: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pedn.2021.04.002

Professional and Systems Issues

Judges and forensic science education: a national survey. Garrett BL, Gardner BO, Murphy E, Grimes P. Forensic Sci Int. 2021; 321: 110714. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.forsciint.2021.110714

A changing history: when is it a red flag for child abuse?. Lee GS, Lindberg DM, Frasier LD, Hymel KP. Child Abuse Negl. 2021; 117: 105077. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2021.105077

Prevention and contrast of child abuse and neglect in the practice of European paediatricians: a multi-national pilot study. Nigri P, Corsello G, Nigri L, et al. Ital J Pediatr. 2021; 47: 105. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13052-021-01055-y

Child welfare system involvement among children with medical complexity. Azzopardi C, Cohen E, Pepin K et al. Child Maltreat. 2021; Online ahead of print: https://doi.org/10.1177/10775595211029713

Discrepancies in physician and coroner findings in cases of fatal suspected physical child abuse. Arnold TS, Siekmann T, Thackeray JD, Bridge JA, Cohen DM. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2021; 37: e367-e371. https://doi.org/10.1097/PEC.0000000000002476

Public Policy

Association between Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) and child maltreatment among a cohort of fragile families. Spencer RA, Livingston MD, Komro KA, et al. Child Abuse Negl. 2021; 120: 105186. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2021.105186

Exploring clusters of risk and association with child maltreatment in North Carolina Counties. Cruden G, Brown CH, Lanier P et al. N Carolin Med J. 2021; 82: 229-236. https://doi.org/10.18043/ncm.82.4.229

Sexual Abuse

Anogenital warts and relationship to child sexual abuse: systematic review and meta-analysis. Awasthi S, Ornelas J, Armstrong A, Johnson JA, Eisen DB. Pediatr Dermatol. 2021; Online ahead of print: https://doi.org/10.1111/pde.14650

Confidential screening for sex trafficking among minors in a pediatric emergency department. Hurst IA, Abdoo DC, Harpin S, Leonard J, Adelgais K. Pediatrics. 2021; 147: e2020013235. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2020-013235

Hymenal transections in children found by photocolposcopy in suspected sexual abuse cases is associated with a history of bleeding. Garfield GB, Schou MP, Lassen K, Leth PM. J Forensic Leg Med. 2021; 80: 102176. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2021.102176

Understanding factors associated with re-referral of youth for commercial sexual exploitation. Kafafian M, deVries I, Farrell A, Goldfarb S, Bouchard E. Child Abuse Negl. 2021; 117: 105092. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2021.105092