Q Masthead

Current Issue Content

Q CoverWinter 2021 • VOL. XXVIIINo. 1

Sexual Abuse

Demographic and psychosocial factors associated with child sexual exploitation. A systematic review and meta-analysis. Laird JJ, Klettke B, Hall K, Clancy E, Hallford D. JAMA Network Open. 2020; 3: e2017682. http://doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.17682

Colposcopic genital findings in female sexual assault victims: relationship to prior sexual intercourse experience. Rossman L, Solis S, Ouellette L, Koacki C, Jones JS. Am J Emerg Med. 2020; http://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajem.2020.10.059


Charcteristics of injuries among infants who fall from bed. Kokulu K, Algin A, Ozdemir S, Akca HS. Injury. 2020; http://doi.org/10.1016/j.injury.2020.10.015

Occurrence of traumatic brain injury due to short falls with or without a witness by a nonrelative in children younger than 2 years. Amagasa S, Uematsu S, Tsuji S. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2020; http://doi.org/10.3171/2020.6.PEDS20314


Rise in the incidence of abusive head trauma during the COVID-19 pandemic. Sidpra J, Abomeli D, Hameed B, et al. Arch Dis Child. 2020; http://doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2020-319872

Effect of COVID-19 lockdown on child protection medical assessments: a retrospective observational study in Birmingham, UK. Garstang J, Debelle G, Anand I, et al. BMJ Open. 2020; 10: e042867. http://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2020-042867

Child maltreatment during the COVID-19 pandemic: consequences of parental job loss on psychological and physical abuse towards children. Lawson M, Piel MH, Simon M. Child Abuse Negl. 2020; http://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2020.104709

Increased proportion of physical child abuse injuries at a level I pediatric trauma center during the Covid-19 pandemic. Kovler ML, Ziegfeld S, Ryan LM, et al. Child Abuse Negl. 2020; http://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2020.104756

Epidemiological surveillance study of female genital mutilation in the UK. Hodes D, O'Donnell NA, Pall K, et al. Arch Dis Child. 2020; http://doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2020-319569

Incidence and risk factors for abusive head trauma: a population-based study. Rebbe R, Mienko JA, Martinson ML. Child Abuse Rev. 2020; 29: 195-207. http://doi.org/10.1002/car.2630

Increased risk for child maltreatment in those with developmental disability: a primary health care perspective from Israel. Karni-Visel Y, Hershkowitz I, Hershkowitz F, Flaisher M, Schertz M. Res Dev Disabil. 2020; 106: 103763. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2020.103763

Foster Children

Investigating the relationship between trauma symptoms and placement instability. Clark SL, Palmer AM, Akin BA, Dunkerley S, Brook J. Child Abuse Negl. 2020; 108: 104660. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2020.104660

Imaging and Laboratory

Add-on bone scintigraphy after negative radiological skeletal survey for the diagnosis of skeletal injury in children suspected of physical abuse: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Blangis F, Taylor M, Adamsbaum C, et al. Arch Dis Child. 2020; http://doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2020-319065

Temporal pattern of radiographic findings of costochondral junction rib fractures on serial skeletal surveys in suspected infant abuse. Tsai A, Perez-Rossello J, Connolly SA, Kawai K, Kleinman PK. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2020; http://doi.org/10.2214/AJR.20.24106


A study of serious case reviews between 2016 and 2018: what are the key barriers for social workers in identifying and responding to child neglect?. Solem L, Diaz C, Hill L. J Children's Serv. `2020; 15: 1-14. http://doi.org/10.1108/JCS-04-2019-0024

Other Items of Interest

Mechanical competence and bone quality develop during skeletal growth. Zimmermann EA, Reidel C, Schmidt FN, et al. J Bone Miner Res. 2019; 34: 1461-1472. http://doi.org/10.1002/jbmr.3730

Modeling hypertension as a contributor to retinal hemorrhaging from abusive head trauma. Umstead C, Barhorst A, Kasemsri T, Mitchell K. J Heathc Eng. 2020; 2020: 4714927. http://doi.org/10.1155/2020/4714927

Physical Abuse

Abusive head trauma in infants: incidence and detection of prior brain injury. Sirmai N, Garside L, Tzioumi D. Child Abuse Rev. 2020; 29: 242-252. http://doi.org/10.1002/car.2621

Are complex skull fractures indicative of either child abuse or major trauma in the era of 3-dimensional computed tomography imaging?. Metz JP, Otjen JP, Perez FA, et al. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2020; http://doi.org/10.1097/PEC.0000000000002214

Catching the red eye: a retrospective review of factors associated with retinal hemorrhage in child physical abuse. Moody S, Casar AM, Jenkins T, et al. J Pediatr Surg. 2020; http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2020.07.031

Child maltreatment by non-accidental burns: interest of an algorithm of detection based on hospital discharge database. Hermetet C, Laurent E, El Allali Y, et al. Int J Legal Med. 2020; http://doi.org/10.1007/s00414-020-02404-y

Experimental modeling of imposed upper airway obstruction in infants and children. Johnson G, Green F, Clift H, Johnson CP. Forensic Sci Med Pathol. 2020; http://doi.org/10.1007/s12024-020-00298-1

Fractures presumed to be low risk for abuse in young mobile children: association with concomitant suspicious injuries. Murray L, Fickenscher K, Moffatt M et al. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2020; http://doi.org/10.1097/PEC.0000000000002161

Identifying abuse and neglect in hospitalized children with burn injuries. Quiroz HJ, Parreco JP, Khosravani N, et al. J Surg Res. 2020; 257: 232-238. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jss.2020.07.077

Identifying maltreatment in infants and young children presenting with fractures: does age matter?. Mitchell IC, Norat BJ, Auerbach M, et al. Acad Emerg Med. 2020; http://doi.org/10.1111/acem.14122

Medical findings and symptoms in infants exposed to witnessed or admitted abusive shaking: a nationwide registry study. Thiblin I, Andersson J, Wester K, et al. PLoS One. 2020; 15: e240182. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0240182

Nonaccidental trauma in pediatric patients: evidence-based screening criteria for ophthalmological examination. Ip SS, Zafar S, Lie TYA, et al. J AAPOS. 2020; 24: 226.e1-226.e5. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaapos.2020.03.012

Parental attitudes in child maltreatment. Camilo C, Garrido MV, Calkeiros MM. J Interpers Viol. 2020; http://doi.org/10.1177/0886260520943724

Skull fractures in abusive head trauma: a single centre experience and review of the literature. Sidpra J, Jeelani NuO, Ong J, Birch W, Mankad K. Child's Nerv Syst. 2020; http://doi.org/10.1007/s00381-020-04870-6

Utility of screening urinalysis to detect abdominal injuries in suspected victims of child physical abuse. Fortin K, Wood JN. Child Abuse Negl. 2020; 109: 104714. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2020.104714

Which clinical features of children on initial presentation to the emergency department with head injury are associated with clinically important traumatic brain injury, classification as abuse, and poor prognosis. Burns J, Rohl S, Marth D, et al. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2020; http://doi.org/10.1097/PEC.0000000000002239

Professional and Systems Issues

Child protection team consultation for injuries potentially due to child abuse in community emergency departments. Tiyyagura G, Emerson B, Gaither JR, et al. Acad Emerg Med. 2020; http://doi.org/10.1111/acem.14132

Coping with trauma, celebrating life: reinventing patient and staff support during the COVID-19 pandemic. Wei E, Segall J, Villanueva Y, et al. Health Aff (Millwood). 2020; 39: 1597-1600. http://doi.org/10.1377/hlthaff.2020.00929

Moving toward standardized pediatric performance improvement measures in child physical abuse: a modified delphi approach. Nockoles T, Greenberg J, Young L, et al. J Trauma Nurs. 2020; 27: 254-261. http://doi.org/10.1097/JTN.0000000000000526

Using telehealth for pediatric, adolescent, and adult sexual assault forensic medical examinations: an integrative review. Walsh WA, Meunier-Sham J. J Forensic Nurs. 2020; 16: 232-239. http://doi.org/10.1097/JFN.0000000000000303

Related Disease States

Risk of traumatic intracranial haemorrhage in children with bleeding disorders. Bressan S, Monagle P, Dalziel SR, et al. J Paediatr Child Health. 2020; http://doi.org/10.1111/jpc.15073


Short term outcomes of children with abusive head trauma two years post injury: a retrospective study. Bedger S, Waugh MC, Hancock J, Marks S, Oakley K. J Pediatr Rehab Med. 2020; http://doi.org/

Early developmental, behavioral, and quality of life outcomes following abusive head trauma in infants. Eismann EA, Theuerling J, Cassedy A, et al. Child Abuse Negl. 2020; 108: 104643. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2020.104643